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Amsterdam (/ˈæmstərdæm/; Dutch [ˌɑmstərˈdɑm]) may be the largest city as well as the capital associated with the Netherlands. Current position of Amsterdam as money town for the Kingdom of this Netherlands is influenced because of the constitution of 24 August 1815 as well as its successors. Amsterdam has a population of 783,364 within town limitations, an urban populace of 1,209,419 and a metropolitan population of 2,158,592. The town is within the province of North Holland when you look at the western for the nation. It includes the north an element of the Randstad, one of many bigger conurbations in European countries, with a population of around 7 million.
Its name is derived from Amstelredamme, indicative of town’s origin: a dam inside river Amstel. Satisfied as a tiny fishing village inside belated twelfth century, Amsterdam became one of the more crucial ports worldwide through the Dutch Golden Age, a direct result its innovative developments in trade. During that time, the town was the leading center for finance and diamonds. In the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, the city expanded, and lots of brand-new neighbourhoods and suburbs had been created. The 17th-century canals of Amsterdam (inside Dutch: ‘Grachtengordel’), found in the heart of Amsterdam, were put into the UNESCO World Heritage List in July 2010.
The city is the monetary and cultural money associated with the Netherlands. Many huge Dutch establishments have their particular headquarters indeed there, and 7 worldwide’s top 500 organizations, including Philips and ING, are based in the town. In 2010, Amsterdam had been rated 13th globally on top-notch living by Mercer, and formerly rated 3rd in innovation by 2thinknow in Innovation Cities Index 2009.
The Amsterdam Stock Exchange, the oldest stock market on the planet, is located in the town center. Amsterdam’s main tourist attractions, including its historical canals, the Rijksmuseum, the Van Gogh Museum, Stedelijk Museum, Hermitage Amsterdam, Anne Frank House, Amsterdam Museum, its red-light area, and its particular numerous cannabis coffee shops draw over 3.66 million worldwide site visitors annually.